The Sound the Hare Heard
Duddubha Jataka

It was while staying at Jetavana that the Buddha told this story about ascetics of different sects.

One morning, while some bhikkhus were on their almsrounds in Savatthi, they passed some ascetics of different sects practicing austerities. Some of them were naked and lying on thorns. Others sat around a blazing fire under the burning sun.

Later, while the bhikkhus were discussing the ascetics, they asked the Buddha, "Lord, is there any virtue in those harsh ascetic practices?"

The Buddha answered, "No, bhikkhus, there is neither virtue nor any special merit in them. When they are examined and tested, they are like a path over a dunghill or like the sound the hare heard."

Puzzled, the bhikkhus said, "Lord, we do not know about that sound. Please tell us what it was." Then the Buddha told them this story of the distant past.

Long, long ago, when Brahmadatta was reigning in Baranasi, the Bodhisatta was born as a lion in a forest near the Western Ocean. In one part of that forest there was a grove of palms mixed with bael trees. A hare lived in that grove beneath a palm sapling at the foot of a bael tree.

One day, the hare lay under the young palm tree, idly thinking, "If this earth were destroyed, what would become of me?" At that very instant, a ripe bael fruit happened to fall and hit a palm frond making a loud "Thud!"

Startled by this sound, the hare leapt to his feet and cried, "The earth is collapsing!" He immediately fled, without even glancing back.

Another hare, seeing him race past, as if for his very life, asked, "What's wrong?" and started running, too.

"Don't ask!" panted the first. This frightened the second even more, and he sprinted to keep up.

"What's wrong?" he shouted again.

Pausing for just a moment, the first hare cried, "The earth is breaking up!" At this, the two of them bolted off together. Their fear was infectious, and other hares joined them until all the hares in that forest were fleeing together. When other animals saw the commotion and asked what was wrong, they were breathlessly told, "The earth is breaking up!" and they, too, began running for their lives. In this way, the hares were soon joined by herds of deer, boars, elk, buffalos, wild oxen, rhinoceroses, a family of tigers, and some elephants.

When the lion saw this headlong stampede of animals and heard the cause of their flight, he thought, "The earth is certainly not coming to an end. There must have been some sound which they misunderstood. If I don't act quickly, they will be killed. I must save them!"

Then, running as fast as only he could run, he got in front of them and roared three times. At the sound of his mighty voice, all the animals stopped in their tracks. Panting, they huddled together in fear. The lion approached them and asked why they were running away.

"The earth is collapsing," they all answered.

"Who saw it collapsing?" he asked.

"The elephants know all about it," some animals replied.

When he asked the elephants, they said, "We don't know. The tigers know."

The tigers said, "The rhinoceroses know."

The rhinoceroses said, "The wild oxen know."

The wild oxen said, "The buffaloes know."

The buffaloes said, "The elk know."

The elk said, "The boars know."

The boars said, "The deer know."

The deer said, "We don't know. The hares know."

When he asked the hares, they pointed to one particular hare and said, "This one told us."

The lion asked him, "Is it true, sir, that the earth is breaking up?"

"Yes, Your Majesty, I saw it," said the hare.

"Where were you when you saw it?"

"In the forest in a palm grove mixed with bael trees. I was lying there under a palm at the foot of a bael tree, thinking, 'If this earth were destroyed, what would become of me?' At that very moment, I heard the sound of the breaking up of the earth, and I fled."

From this explanation, the lion realized exactly what had really happened, but he wanted to verify his conclusions and to demonstrate the truth to the other animals. He gently calmed the animals and said, "I will take the hare and go to find out whether or not the earth is coming to an end where he says it is. Until we return, stay right here!"

Placing the hare on his tawny back, he raced with great speed back to that grove. Then he put the hare down and said, "Come, show me the place you meant."

"I don't dare, my lord," said the hare.

"Don't be afraid," said the lion.

The hare, shivering with fear, would not risk going near the bael tree. He could only point and say, "Over there, sir, is the place of dreadful sound."

The lion went to the place the hare indicated. He could make out where the hare had been lying in the grass, and he saw the ripe bael fruit that had fallen on the palm frond. Having carefully ascertained that the earth was not breaking up, he placed the hare on his back again and returned to the waiting animals. He told them what he had found and said, "Don't be afraid. The earth is not breaking up." Reassured, all the animals went back to their usual places and resumed their routines. Those animals had placed themselves in great danger because they listened to rumors and unfounded fears rather than trying to find out the truth themselves. Truly, if it had not been for the lion, all of them would have rushed into the sea and perished. It was only because of the lion's wisdom and compassion that they escaped death.

Having concluded his story, the Buddha identified the birth: "At that time, I was the lion."

From Jataka Tales of the Buddha: An Anthology, retold by Ken and Visakha Kawasaki, Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy. 2010, Vol. 2, pp 503-505, copyright: Ken and Visakha Kawasaki